Abiding in Christ – John 15:1-11

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Pastor Scott L. Harris
Grace Bible Church, NY
March 24, 2019

Abiding in Christ
John 15:1-11


Turn to John 15. This is another well known but often misunderstood section of Scripture largely due to interpretations that take the passage out of its context. Lest we also fall into that same trap, let me quickly remind you of the context.

Jesus and the disciples are in an upper room in Jerusalem where they have just celebrated the Passover meal. Jesus has washed the disciples’ feet and in doing so given them a practical example of the humble service we are to give to one another. (See: The Final Passover, Part 1). He has revealed that one of them would betray Him and has indicated to John that the betrayer would be Judas Iscariot. Judas has ignored Jesus’ many warnings to him, and having his heart filled with Satan, he has left to do his evil deed of betrayal. Jesus has used some of the elements of Passover to establish a new memorial meal which we commonly refer to as the Lord’s Supper or Communion. It would be a ritual that would remind them of the sacrifice He was about to make to redeem them from their sin and remember His promise to return for them. (See The Final Passover, Part 2)

Jesus’ statements that He was about to go away left them sad, so He has also comforted them with assurance that though He was going away, He was going to His Father’s house and would be preparing a place for them there, and He would return for them and bring them to that place. (See: The Promise of Heaven). In the time between those events, Jesus would work on their behalf interceding with the Father, and the Holy Spirit would come to comfort them and enable them to fulfill the ministry Jesus calls them to do. (See: Comfort for Those Who Believe, Part 1)

The time is now short before Jesus will be arrested that night and then tried and crucified the next day. They are preparing to leave the Upper Room and proceed to the Garden of Gethsemane, but before they leave, Jesus gives His disciples some final encouragement and instructions.(See: Comfort for Those Who Believe, Part 2)

The Analogy – John 15:1

Jesus continues His discourse in John 15:1 saying, “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.” Before I continue any further, I need to explain something about the cultural context of this statement so that you will understand its significance.

The grapevine was a symbol of Jewish national life. For example, Isaiah 5:7 states, “For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, And the men of Judah His delightful plant.” A grape vine was used as an emblem minted onto the coins of the Maccabean period. A large gold grapevine was used to decorate the gates of the temple constructed by Herod. The grapes themselves were costly jewels. Jesus has also just used the fruit of the vine as a symbol for His blood which was about to be shed for them.

The disciples would have understood all this and so would have also understood that Jesus’ declaration of being “the true vine” was a claim to be the fulfillment of all these symbols. Jesus is the source of life that would bring forth fruit unto God, and God Himself was the caretaker of the vine. The purpose of the vine is to produce fruit and the intent of the caretaker is to help the vine accomplish that goal. Jesus uses this as an analogy of the relationship of the Father and the Son. The Son desires to please the Father in all things and does the Father’s will. The Father enables to Son to accomplish all things. That has been Jesus’ continuing claim throughout the gospel of John and has been pointed out in previous sermons. It was Jesus’ desire to glorify the Father (John 14:13), and the Father enabled Him to preach, teach and perform many miracles for that purpose (John 14:10).

The Vinedresser’s Practice – John15:2

Jesus explains the role of the caretaker of the vines in verse 2. “Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, He takes away; and every [branch] that bears fruit, He prunes it, that it may bear more fruit.” They would have been very familiar with this concept since they lived in an agrarian society in which grapes were a common crop. Pruning the vines is not only common practice, but necessary practice in order to have a decent grape crop. I must do the same thing to the grape vines I have out in my garden and also my fruit trees.

I first cut out all the branches that did not bear fruit. Dead and diseased branches are obvious ones to remove in this process, but there are also branches, that for whatever reason, simply do not bear fruit. They might be sports, sprouts or suckers that might have lots of leaves and look pretty, but they do not fulfill my purpose for the plant in producing fruit. They are useless and so are cut out and discarded. What surprises most people is also cutting back the branches that did bear fruit, yet that is necessary if I want more and better fruit. The reason for this is not all that complex, simply put, when I cut back a fruiting branch, the energy of the vine can go into producing fruit instead of more branches and leaves. An unpruned grape vine can get very large, but it actually produces less fruit than a smaller vine that is properly pruned.

God does that with us. Hebrews 12:11 states, “All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness.” God wants us to bear fruit in our lives, so He prunes us that we might be more dependent on the vine and produce more fruit instead of extraneous leaves and branches. The apostle James counseled, “2 Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials, 3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance. 4 And let endurance have [its] perfect result, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing (James 1:2-4). Paul said nearly the same thing in Romans 5:3-5, “3 And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance; 4 and perseverance, proven character; and proven character, hope; 5 and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

God’s pruning of us through trials and tribulations is not pleasant at the time, but such things force us to be more dependent upon Him. They drive us into a deeper relationship with Him and therefore into greater spiritual maturity. We often do not understand why things happen, but we can be sure that our heavenly Father loves us, for He already proved it in Jesus Christ on Calvary, and therefore even in the difficult things of life, we can be confident that He is doing something good in us and through us for His own glory and our good.

Some have thought that Jesus reference in verse 2 about these branches being “in Him” means that these are saved people. Such is not the case as we shall see as we go through the rest of the passage. Remember, that Judas had been a respected member of the disciples, but he has just left to do his evil deed. He was a branch that was in Christ, but who bore no fruit. Jesus makes this distinction in verse 3.

The Conditions for Abiding – John 15:3

“You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.” Recall that back in John 13:10, before Judas had left, Jesus had said that “you are clean, but not all of you.” Judas was now gone and the remaining disciples were clean because they believed what Jesus had proclaimed about Himself including that He was from the Father and that those who believed in Him would not come into condemnation, but were passed from death into eternal life (John 3:16; 5:24). They had placed their faith in Jesus resulting in justification from their sins. They demonstrated the reality of this faith in Jesus and love for Him by keeping His commandments. They would eventually go to the Father through Jesus.

The qualification for being able to abide in Christ is being cleansed by Him first. There is no condemnation to those in Christ Jesus (Romans 8:1) because they are washed, sanctified and justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 6:11) by faith in Him (Romans 3:26, 28). They stand clean before the Lord because their sins are forgiven (1 John 1:9) and the Holy Spirit has washed and regenerated them into new creatures (Titus 3:5; 2 Corinthians 5:18).

The Blessing of Abiding in Jesus – John 15:4-5

Those that are clean are to abide in Christ and thus experience His blessings. John 15:4-5, 4 Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, so neither [can] you, unless you abide in Me. 5 “I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me, and I in him, he bears much fruit; for apart from Me you can do nothing.

The idea of abiding with Jesus is a wonderful concept. It means to “live,” “dwell,” “remain,” “continue.” The apostle John liked this word so much that he used the word 23 times in just 1 John. What a wonderful thought is living with Christ and have Him living in you. That concept is illustrated with the vine analogy presented here.

Jesus is the vine and we are the branches. Just as a branch cannot live and bear fruit except it draws its life from the vine, so we cannot

live and bear fruit for God unless we draw our life from Jesus. Jesus emphasizes the point saying, “apart from Me you can do nothing.”

The context of the reference to doing “nothing” here is in reference to producing the fruit mentioned in verse 5. However, the statement itself is actually a truth for all things. No one can accomplish anything apart from Jesus Christ. All that you have and everything you accomplish in life is only by His goodness and mercy to you. Colossians 1:17 declares that Jesus Christ is “Before all things, and in Him all things hold together.” Hebrews 1:3 adds that Jesus, “upholds all things by the word of His power.” If Christ just let go for a moment, then all things would fall apart and be destroyed. You exist because He created you, and you continue to live only because He graciously allows you to do so.

Those who think they can accomplish something apart from God are actually very foolish. Whatever wealth you may gather to yourself by whatever means you use, does not really belong to you. It actually belongs to God who created it all. Whatever you think you own will only be under your control for the few short years of your life after which you have no control over it. You are actually only a steward of it and will give an account of it when you stand before God in judgment.

Fame and power are also fleeting and granted to those whom God chooses. Nebuchadnezzar had both of these as the king of Babylon, but God struck him because of his pride and he became like an animal that lived in the fields. Nebuchadnezzar did not get his reason back until he was humbled and recognized that the Most High God is ruler over the realm of mankind, and bestows it on whomever He wishes (Daniel 4). Isaiah 40:17 declares God’s view of mankind’s power, “All the nations are as nothing before Him, They are regarded by Him as less than nothing and meaningless.” If you have some position of power or fame, it is only because God has let you have it. The problem with too many people in positions of authority – government, military, business, social organizations and even sports teams – is they forget this truth and that they will give an account to God. Fear of God and humility go a long way in making people more reasonable and nicer.

Jesus’ statement that “apart from Me you can do nothing” is a true statement in all respects, but the context here is in not being able to bear fruit apart from Christ. What is this fruit?

Isaiah 5:7 describes the fruit God sought from Israel, “For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel, And the men of Judah His delightful plant. Thus He looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; For righteousness, but behold, a cry of distress.” The fruit God was looking for was justice and righteousness. It is the spiritual fruit of character and holy living. Some try to make this passage about soul winning and having many converts to Christ, but that is not the context. This would be the fruit of the Spirit listed out in Galatians 5:22-24 which states, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24 Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.” That is the fruit talked about throughout the scriptures.

John the Baptist challenged the Pharisees and Sadducees to “bring forth fruit in keeping with repentance” (Matthew 3:8). Jesus said in Matthew 7:17-19 that true and false teachers could be distinguished from each other by their fruit. Paul wrote in Philippians 1:11 that believers are to “filled with the fruit of righteousness which [comes] through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God,” and in Colossians 1:10 that we are to be “bearing fruit in every good work.”

As we live in close relationship to Christ there is a change in our character as we are transformed by the renewing of our mind (Romans 12:2) and become conformed into the image of Christ (Romans 8:29) which would include our actions and attitudes. Notice that in verse 5 it is not just bearing fruit, it is bearing much fruit. Not only can all of the qualities listed in Gal. 5:22-23 be developed, but they can also be developed into greater capacity. We can become more loving, joyful, peaceful, patient, kind, good, faithful, gentle and self-controlled than we are currently. We can have fruit and then much fruit. That is the result of living in Jesus Christ.

Sadly, there are many people that claim to be Christians that try to live apart from dwelling in Christ. They are no different from those in the world who seek their purpose in life from things such as wealth, fame, power, comfort, or pleasure. The lack of spiritual fruit in their lives reveals their true relationship with Christ. It is not enough to know something about Jesus or even to view Him as a good teacher whose ethical principles you try to follow. Unless you are both clean because of being regenerated and washed by the Holy Spirit and abiding in Him, you will not experience His blessings or fruit in your lives. Jesus warns those who are not in verse 6.

The Warning to Those Who Do Not Abide – John 15:6

“If anyone does not abide in Me, he is thrown away as a branch, and dries up; and they gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.”

That may seem severe, but understand that true Christianity is about a relationship with the Creator. It is not a set of religious rituals that must be performed. It is not a list of approved and disapproved behaviors. It is not a moral code. It is not even a doctrinal statement. True Christianity has all those things, but all of them are in keeping with a relationship with God. As Romans 14:17 puts it, “the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.” Our prescribed rituals, baptism and Communion, are about our identification with Christ and proclamation of both His death on our behalf and our hope in His return. Our moral code and conduct are based in our love for God and prodded by the Holy Spirit who indwells us. Our doctrinal statement is our attestation of God’s revelation of Himself to us. Our rituals, moral codes, practices and doctrine are simply the expressions of our personal relationship with God through Jesus Christ.

A person that does not abide in Christ may also have religious rituals, a moral code, practices and doctrine that may even appear to be Biblical in some sense. But all those things are without value if you do not abide Christ. Those who do not abide in Christ are worthless to His cause and probably a hindrance. They will therefore be treated like the cut off branches from a pruning. They are gathered up and discarded, or as stated in our text, cast into the fire. The allusion to the final judgement of sinners is obvious here.

Those who do not live in a relationship with Christ here have no basis for such a relationship in eternity and so it should be expected they would be cast away from Him. Their sin condemns them, and apart from being in Christ there can be no forgiveness for that sin. Their own deeds will condemn them for even their attempts at righteous deeds are as a filthy garment before our holy God (Isaiah 64:6). Proclamations of self-righteousness is self deception for there are none who are righteous or do good (Romans 3:10-18). Jesus, who is the way, the truth and the life, is also the only way to the Father.

Those that do not abide in Christ will lack the fruit of righteousness because they do not draw from the source of righteousness to produce such fruit. God graciously gives them life’s energy, but they produce something else. It could be just leaves that look pretty but have no value in harvest, or they may have the fruit produced by the diseases of sin that ravish them. They will have ungodly fruit such as listed in Romans 1:29-31 and Galatians 5:19-21.

The fruit of unrighteousness is not always outwardly obvious. People can appear pretty good by the standards of whatever society they are in and still be very ungodly. Here are some examples: Immorality is flagrant in fornication, adultery and prostitution, but it is just as real in the secret peeks at pornography on the internet. Greed is on display in robbery and theft, but it also exists in a hard heart without compassion to help the real needs of others. Being drunk or drugged in public is obvious, but many people keep it a secret in the privacy of their own home. A flagrantly obnoxious person displays their evil heart outwardly, but just as evil is sweet flattery used to conceal the snare being set to harm you. Prejudice and racism are often obvious in their display, but both also conceal themselves in the political correctness of what is euphemistically called “social justice” but which is Biblically unjust as it gives excuses for jealousy, envy, malice, bitterness and unforgiveness. Idolatry exhibits itself in the worship of false god’s, but it also exists in the heart of a person who faithfully attends church services whose motivation is something other than the worship of the living God.

The apostle John makes this issue of abiding in Jesus very clear in the epistle of 1st John. For example: 1 John 2:6, “the one who says he abides in Him ought himself to walk in the same manner as He walked.” 1 John 2:24, “As for you, let that abide in you which you heard from the beginning. If what you heard from the beginning abides in you, you also will abide in the Son and in the Father.” 1 John 3:6-10, “No one who abides in Him sins; no one who sins has seen Him or knows Him. 7 Little children, let no one deceive you; the one who practices righteousness is righteous, just as He is righteous; 8 the one who practices sin is of the devil; for the devil has sinned from the beginning. The Son of God appeared for this purpose, that He might destroy the works of the devil. 9 No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. 10 By this the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious: anyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor the one who does not love his brother.” 1 John 3:24,And the one who keeps His commandments abides in Him, and He in him. And we know by this that He abides in us, by the Spirit whom He has given us.” 1 John 4:15-16,Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God. 16 And we have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love, and the one who abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.”

To summarize: Those who abide in Christ are His disciples. They know Jesus and seek to be like Him by following His commands and eschewing (shunning) evil. They also seek Him in prayer.

Abiding and Prayer – John 15:7-8

John 15:7-8, “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it shall be done for you. 8 “By this is My Father glorified, that you bear much fruit, and [so] prove to be My disciples.” Abiding in Christ results in a confident prayer life and glorification of God.

Jesus had already commented on the confidence those who believe in Him can have in prayer back in John 14:13-14. In these verses Jesus elaborates further on this confidence. This is a conditional promise based in the relationship a person has with Jesus. Those that abide in Christ with His word abiding in them can be confident in receiving positive answers to their prayers. The reason is simply that such a person desires the will of Christ over their own. They are meeting the conditions of 1 John 5:14-15, “And this is the confidence which we have before Him, that, if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. 15 And if we know that He hears us [in] whatever we ask, we know that we have the requests which we have asked from Him.” They are heeding the warning of James 4:2-3, “You do not have because you do not ask. 3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, so that you may spend [it] on your pleasures.”

Prayer is not about us getting God to do what we want. That is asking with wrong motives. Prayer is about God changing us so that we desire what He wants. Proper prayer changes us, and then we see the hand of God working in marvelous ways. It is this type of prayer that brings glory to God by the “much fruit” that we bear as a result of it. This fruit in turn proves that we are disciples or followers of Jesus.

Abiding in Jesus’ Love – John 15:9-10

Jesus explains the nature of His love for them in verse 9 & 10 while calling upon them to continue in their love for Him. John 15:9-10, “Just as the Father has loved Me, I have also loved you; abide in My love. 10 “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love; just as I have kept My Father’s commandments, and abide in His love.”

The nature of Jesus’ love for us is the same as the Father’s love for the Son. That is an incredible statement if you will take the time to think about it. The love that exists between the members of the Godhead is extended to us! That is the reason that Jesus was willing lay down His life as a sacrifice for our sins. It was out of His love. Paul states this directly in Ephesians 2:4-5, “God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, 5 even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved).”

Jesus once again states obedience to His commandments demonstrates your relationship with Him. Here He emphasizes that you will abide in His love just as His obedience to the Father demonstrated He abides in the Father’s love. This is a corollary to John 14:21, 23 which we discussed last week. Those claiming to love Jesus yet refusing to obey Him only prove they are liars. Those that do love Jesus demonstrate that love by keeping His commandments, and obeying Jesus demonstrates abiding in Him and His love. Obedience does not earn either your salvation or God’s love. It only demonstrates the reality of your relationship with Him that you have responded to His love so that you love Him and abide in Christ’s love.

Having Full Joy – John 15:11

Jesus states His reason for this teaching in verse 11, “These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may be in you, and [that] your joy may be made full.”

This is why Jesus has said all these things to the disciples. He wants them to be comforted in the days ahead. Though He will be crucified and no longer with them, they can still trust in Him and His many promises. They can have a peace the world does not know or understand (John 14:27), and they can have joy in the midst of their sorrow. Why? Because as they abide in Him, He will continue to abide in them. He will not be present with them physically as He had before, but He will remain with them spiritually and in the presence of the Holy Spirit. They in turn will be able to bear much fruit in living godly lives that glorify the Father. And what greater joy can there be than to know that not only does God love you, but He is using you for the very purpose for which He created you?


I pray that your joy may be full as you abide in Christ. If you do not know that joy, then talk with myself or one of our church leaders. We would love to introduce you to Jesus Christ personally, or if you are already a believer, we count it a privilege to encourage you in your walk with Him. Jesus did not mean for you to walk with Him alone. In the context of this passage He is talking to His eleven remaining disciples. They would help one another abide in Christ, and so we too help one another in walking with Jesus. Don’t leave this morning without getting the help you need.

Sermon Notes – 3/24/2019
Abiding in Christ – John 15:1-11


Jesus and His disciples have celebrated Passover and Jesus has established Communion as a ____________

Jesus is going away, but promises to __________and send the Holy Spirit in His place while He is away

The Analogy – John 15:1

The grapevine was a symbol of Jewish national ____- Isaiah 5:7; Maccabean coins, Temple decorations, etc.Jesus used grape juice / wine as a symbol for His __________which would be shed as the atonement for sin

Jesus is the source of ________that would bring forth fruit unto God, and God Himself was the caretaker

The Vinedresser’s Practice – John15:2

Pruning is a ____________ agricultural practice for vines and fruit trees

Pruning works because the energy of the vine can go into __________instead of more branches and leaves

God __________ His people – Hebrews 12:11; James 1:2-4; Romans 5:3-5

Troubles & Trials force us to be more _________________ upon God

The Conditions for Abiding – John 15:3

Judas is gone and the remaining disciples are _________ (cf. John 13:10)

To abide in Christ, you must first be _______by Him – Rom. 3:26,28; 8:1; 1 Cor. 6:11; 1 John 1:9; Titus 3:5

The Blessing of Abiding in Jesus – John 15:4-5

Abide means to “live,” “__________,” “remain,” “continue” in.

A branch cannot live & bear fruit except it draws its _______from the vine, so we draw our life from Christ

All that you have and everything you accomplish in life is only by _________goodness and mercy to you – (Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:3), You are only a ___________of what God entrusts to you – Daniel 4; Isaiah 40:17The fruit God looks for is justice, ______________, every good work and the fruit of the Spirit – Isaiah 5:7; Galatians 5:22-24; Matthew 3:7; 7:17-19; Colossians 1:10)

We are changed with ___________minds and conformed to the image of Christ (Romans 8:29; 12:2)

The presence or absence of spiritual fruit reveals the true ______________ with Christ

The Warning to Those Who Do Not Abide – John 15:6

True Christianity is about a _________relationship with God and not religious rituals & codes (Rom. 14:17)

Religious rituals, moral codes, practices and doctrine are ______________if you do not abide in Christ

Those without a redeemed relationship with God in the here and now have no basis for one in ___________

Those not abiding in Christ will lack the _____of righteousness and may show the fruit of sin (Gal. 5:19-21)

The fruit of unrighteousness may be obvious, or hidden by privacy, or ____________by societal standards

Abiding in Jesus in 1 John 2:6, 24; 3:6-10, 24; 4:15-16

Abiding and Prayer – John 15:7-8

This is a _______________promise of answered prayer based in the relationship a person has with Jesus

1 John 5:14-15; James 4:2-3. Prayer is about seeking ________ will to be done, not your own will

Abiding in Jesus’ Love – John 15:9-10

The love that exists between the members of the Godhead is extended to________ Ephesians 2:4-5

Obedience demonstrates the _____________ of your relationship with the Lord – do you love Him?

Having Full Joy – John 15:11

Their joy can be full because Jesus can be ____________ to keep all of His promises


You can have this joy by coming to know _________ and abiding in Him

Jesus places us in His body, the church, so that we can _________ one another walk / abide with Him

Parents, you are responsible to apply God’s Word to your children’s lives. Here is some help. Young Children – draw a picture about something you hear during the sermon. Explain your picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Older Children – Do one or more of the following: 1) Count how many times the word “abide” or “abiding” is used 2) Talk with your parents about what it means to abide in Jesus.

Questions to consider in discussing the sermon with others. What is the context of John 15:1-11? What significance did the “vine” have to the Jews of that time? Have you had any experience in pruning a grapevine or fruit tree? Describe what you did, why and the results. How does God “prune” His children? How have you experienced that in your life? What was the result? What does it mean to “abide”? What condition must be met first in order to abide in Jesus? What can a person do apart from Jesus? What did Jesus mean at the end of vs. 5 that “apart from Me you can do nothing”? What fruit does God want you to bear? What is necessary in order for you to bear fruit? What fruit do you see in your own life? What is Jesus’ warning in verse 6? Is this fair? Why or why not? What does God want from you? What would be ungodly fruit? Contrast ungodliness that is obvious and that which is hidden? Which do you think is more dangerous? Why? Do you struggle with hidden unrighteousness? What will you do about it? When will you do it? What is the relationship between “fruit” and salvation? What then does “fruit” reveal? What does 1 John say about the importance of abiding in Christ? Why can a person who abides in Christ be confident in prayer? What is the purpose of prayer? What is the evidence that a person is abiding in Jesus’ love? How can you have Jesus’ joy? Do you have it? If not, talk with a church leader and get the spiritual help you need.

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